What Is Zicam Cold Remedy:
Zicam Cold Remedy is a homeopathic medication that claims to shorten the duration and severity of the common cold.
In June 2009, the FDA warned consumers not to use Zicam Cold Remedy nasal spray or gel swabs because of the possibility that they may cause people to lose their sense of smell. The manufacturer recalled the products after the warning was issued.
How to Use Zicam Cold Remedy:
Zicam Cold Remedy can be given as a nasal spray or a nasal swab.
Gel: Pump once into each nostril, then press lightly on the outside of each nostril with your finger for 5 seconds. Do not sniff the product.
Nasal swabs: Follow the package directions to open the swab, then rub the swab inside one nostril. Dip the swab into the tube again to reapply the medication and repeat in the other nostril. Press lightly on the outside of each nostril with your finger for about 5 seconds.
Both formulations should be used every 4 hours until symptoms are gone.
Also available in RapidMelt, chewable and oral mist form.
Active Ingredients in Zicam Cold Remedy:
How Zicam Cold Remedy Works:
Using Zicam Cold Remedy in Children:
Zicam is labeled for use in children over 3 years of age. However, you should consult your child's healthcare provider before giving any cough or cold products to a child, especially under age 6.
Using Zicam While Pregnant or Breastfeeding:
You should speak with your healthcare provider before taking Zicam Cold Remedy (or any other medication) if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
The suggested retail price for Zicam Cold Remedy nasal gel and gel swabs is about $12, but the actual cost may vary by retailer.
Research Supporting Zicam:
Zicam lists two major studies that support its claims. Both were double-blind, placebo-controlled studies, which means that some participants received Zicam and the rest received a product that did not include any zinc. Neither the participants nor the people administering the medications knew which one they were receiving at the time.
Potential Flaws in the Studies:
The biggest limitation to these studies is the size of the testing groups. In the first study, just over 200 people were included. In the second, less than 100 took part. This is significant because the smaller the study, the more difficult it is to reproduce the same results in a larger population or to identify side effects.
There have been numerous studies on zinc and the common cold. The results have been inconclusive at best. Zicam Cold Rememdy is marketed as a homeopathic product and is not regulated by the FDA, so claims that it shortens the duration and severity of the common cold are not supported by any government agency.
In 2006, a class action lawsuit was settled out of court against the makers of Zicam (and Cold-Eeze) which claimed that the product caused people to lose their sense of smell. The company admitted no wrongdoing. There are multiple websites and emails circulating about this. You can read one of them right here on About.com Urban Legends.
”Frequently Asked Questions.” Zicam website 2009. Zicam LLC. 22 May 09.
Hirt MD, Michael; Nobel MD, Sion; Barron BS, Ernesto. "Zinc nasal gel for the treatment of common cold symptoms: A doubleblind, placebo-controlled trial." ENT Journal Vol. 79, No. 10 Oct 2000. 22 May 09.
Mossad, S.B. "Effect of zincum gluconicum nasal gel on the duration and symptom severity of the common cold in otherwise healthy adults." Q J Med 2003; 96:35-43. 22 May 09.